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Title: Traditional knowledge of natural disaster mitigation and ethno medicine practices in Himalaya with special reference to Sikkim
Authors: Joshi, Varun
Rawat, MS
Sharma, AK
Kumar, K
Panda, AK
Keywords: Natural Disaster;Ethno medicine;Sikkim;Uttarakhand;Traditional knowledge
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8 : E04H 9/16; E04H 9/00; G01W 1/14; G01W; A01D 20/10; A01D 20/47; A01D 12/23; A01D 17/07; A01D 12/08; A01D 1/68; A01D 9/02
Abstract: Indigenous knowledge refers to the age old refined methods and practices developed by previous numerous generations from an advanced understanding of the local environment, to save their belongings and lives from any future natural disaster. The local people observe signs in the environment which allow them to take precautions before a disaster occurs. This knowledge contains several other important characteristics which distinguish it from other types of knowledge. All such knowledge include evolved within the community, maintaining a non-formal means of dissemination, collectively owned, developed over several generations and subject to adaptation, and imbedded in a community’s way of life as a means of survival. Survival strategy of the masses has led to the evolution of area specific, locally pertinent and effective ways of mitigating natural disasters. This vital knowledge base practices are however often ignored and due recognition and importance have not been given, hence being eroded with the time. This paper highlights the relevance of cost affective traditional practices and acceptable means of mitigating disasters by the local communities. The paper is based upon the extensive field studies, discussions held with local populace conducted in different phases for use of the traditional disaster mitigation and medicinal plants practices of the people during disaster in the remote study area. The paper discusses the relevance of the various traditional disaster mitigation practices of the region. Studies show that the understanding was fairly evolved in the respective areas of natural disaster like earthquake, landslide and drought mitigation. The major medical problems in disaster are massive causalities, bleeding, loss of consciousness, pain, swelling, Joint dislocation and bone fractures. Eight medicinal plants are indigenously used in these purposes in the remote area during disaster till they receive any modern medical aid.
Page(s): 198-206
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.10(1) [January 2011]

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