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Title: Non-conventional low-cost adsorbent from Euphorbia antiquorum L for the removal of Direct Blue 53 from its aqueous solution
Authors: Sivakumar, P
Palanisamy, P N
Keywords: Euphorbia antiquorum L;Activated carbon;Adsorption;Surface area;Desorption
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: This paper reports the adsorption potential of activated carbon prepared from Euphorbia antiquorum L wood by H3PO4 impregnation in batch mode experiments. The effects of various process controlling parameters such as solution pH, adsorbate concentration and temperature are analyzed. Maximum of 58.40 mg/g of dye adsorbed at a pH of 2.0 and the adsorption decreases with increase in pH. Various kinetic and isotherm models are employed to analyze the feasibility and mechanism of adsorption. The prepared adsorbent removed 145.45 mg/g of dye at an initial dye concentration of 100 mg/L and the kinetics obeys pseudo second order. Freundlich isotherm fits exceptionally well with good r2 value. Thermodynamic parameters like G°, H° and S° are evaluated. The positive enthalpy proves that the adsorption process is endothermic in nature. Experiments are also performed for recovery of dye loaded carbon through regeneration as a function of pH, the maximum desorption occurs at a pH of 10 is only 19.29%. The prepared sorbent can be conveniently employed for the colour removal as its adsorptive capacity is comparable with commercial adsorbents.
Page(s): 188-196
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.18(3) [May 2011]

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