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|Title:||Genetic alterations in cervical cancer|
Nair, C K K
|Keywords:||Cervical cancer;Genetic alterations;Human papiloma virus;Loss of heteozygosity (LOH);Minisatellite instability|
|Abstract:||In the pathogenesis of cervical cancer the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is well established. However, other than HPV infection the genetics of cervical cancer remains poorly understood. In the pathogenesis of cervical cancer three major factors are involved, two of which are related to the presence of HPV and the third is the recurrent genetic alterations not linked to HPV infection. Several chromosomal regions with recurrent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in cervical cancer have been identified. However; the putative tumor suppressor genes located in these chromosomal locations are yet to be identified. Recurrent amplifications have been mapped to the short arm of chromosome 3 in invasive cancer. Microsatellite instability and mutator phenolype do not play a major role in cervical carcinogenesis. As in other cancers, cervical cancer too requires the accumulation of genetic alterations for carcinogenesis to occur. Identification of these alterations could help to provide a better understanding of the disease and thus improve treatment.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.41(08) [August 2003]|
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