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Title: Response of phytoplankton to nutrient enrichment with high growth rates in a tropical monsoonal estuary - Zuari estuary, India
Authors: Mochemadkar, Sunita
Gauns, Mangesh
Pratihary, Anil
Thorat, Babasaheb
Roy, Rajdeep
Pai, I. K.
Naqvi, S. W. A.
Keywords: Zuari estuary;Premonsoon;Nutrient uptake;Phytoplankton;Hypoxic
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Present study is about the impact of macronutrient enrichment on phytoplankton biomass and community structure in a tropical monsoonal estuary. In situ experiments carried out during the pre-monsoon period (February-March 2006), showed that the response time of phytoplankton to nutrient enhancement was 24-32 h. Phytoplankton biomass increased sizably, indicating nitrate and silicate limitation for phytoplankton growth. An increase in 23µg chl a l-1 resulted in an uptake of 10µM nitrate, 0.6µM phosphate and 17µM silicate. Phytoplankton showed high growth rates with an average value of 1.36µg chl l-1 d-1.This phytoplankton community was largely dominated by diatoms (>96%), particularly chain forming species. Relative preference index (RPI) value for nitrate was >1, suggesting that, irrespective of the ambient ammonium concentration, estuarine autotrophs preferred nitrate. Few species like Skeletonema costatum and Thalassionema nitzschioides exhibited the ability to withstand hypoxic condition.
Page(s): 314-325
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJMS Vol.42(3) [June 2013]

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