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Title: Psychopharmacological profile of hydro-alcoholic extract of Euphorbia neriifolia leaves in mice and rats
Authors: Bigoniya, Papiya
Rana, A C
Keywords: Anxiolytic;Anti-psychotic;Anti-convulsant;Euphorbia neriifolia;Steroidal saponin
Issue Date: Oct-2005
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int Cl7 A61P
Abstract: The leaf extract of E. neriifolia significantly reduced apomorphine-induced stereotypy in mice at all doses (100, 200, 400 mg/kg body weight) in mice and rats and was devoid of catalepsic effect thereby, suggesting specific dopaminergic receptor modulating activity. The extract (400 mg/kg) potentiated pentobarbitone-induced hypnosis. It showed protection against maximal electro-shock-induced convulsion at 400 mg/kg. E. neriifolia leaf extract had anxiolytic action at 400 mg/kg by increasing the percentage of time spent in open arm in elevated plus-maze. The extract did not reverse scopolamine-induced amnesia on elevated plus-maze. It increased transfer latency at 200 and 400 mg/kg and also in combination with scopolamine. These results indicated anti-anxiety, anti -psychotic and anti-convulsant activity of E.neriifolia leaf extract in mice and rats. Phytochemical study showed the presence of steroidal saponin, reducing sugar, tannins, flavonoids in the crude leaf extract
Page(s): 859-862
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.43(10) [October 2005]

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