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Title: Effect of individual and interactive alkalinity and salinity on physiological, biochemical and nutritional traits of Marvel grass
Authors: Kumar, Ashwani
Kumar, Arvind
Kumar, Parveen
Lata, Charu
Kumar, Sourabh
Keywords: Abiotic stress;Alkalinity;Dichanthium annulatum;Fodder quality;Gas exchange attributes;Ionic relations;Kachchh plains;Salinity
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Soil salinization and alkalinization frequently co-occur in nature. However, only few studies have focused on the interactive effects of mixed salt and alkali stresses on plants. To find supplementary feed source under arid and semiarid conditions, Dichanthium (Forsk.) Stapf. seeds and root cuttings were collected from extreme saline sodic Kachchh plains, Bhuj (Gujrat), and established at ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal. The experiment was designed in RBD having nine different treatments i.e. control (pH2: 7.1; ECe: 0.43), alkaline (pH2: 9.5 and 10.0), saline (ECe: 15, 25 and 35 dS m-1) and saline-alkaline (pH2 9.0 with ECe: 10, 15 and 20 dS m-1). Under alkaline conditions, Dichanthium maintained their plant height but reduction was observed in chlorophyll concentration at both the stresses. Highest photosynthetic rate (Pn) was recorded in control treatment i.e. 36.05 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 which was decreased with the intensified stress. Reductions were also noticed in the rates of stomatal conductance (gS) and transpiration rate (E) under different stress levels. Dichanthium restrict Na+ accumulation (mean Na+ 0.27%) in root zone whereas in shoots, mean Na+ was 4.58%. Dichanthium maintained or increased shoot K+ concentration under saline and mixed stress condition to mitigate the injurious effect of high Na+ concentration. Among fodder quality parameters, Dichanthium contained 5.15% mean crude protein (CP). Stress treatment caused 10-25% reduction in the CP content over all the stress treatments. Alkalinity, salinity and mixed saline sodic stress caused reduction in neutral detergent fiber (NDF) content but maximum reduction was observed under salinity stress condition. ADF (Acid detergent fiber) content was higher in control (47.44%) and decreased with increasing salt stress. ADL followed the same the trend as shown by ADF.
Page(s): 573-581
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.56(08) [August 2018]

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