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Title: Impact of smoking and alcohol intake in semen profile among infertile men
Authors: Nongthombam, Puja Devi
Malini, Suttur S
Keywords: Antioxidants;Seminal plasma;Citric acid;Fructose;Oxidative stress
Issue Date: Apr-2023
Abstract: In the modern stressful lifestyle, habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol are reported to increase the likelihood of fertility issues in adults who are of reproductive age. Moreover, there has been rapid rise in male infertility and 50% of the infertility cases are related to male partners. In this context, here we investigated whether smoking and drinking alcohol have an effect on the semen profile of infertile male patients in terms of seminal oxidative stress and male accessory gland function. A total of 327 men with infertility issue were grouped into four categories according to their smoking and drinking habits viz. smokers, moderate drinkers, heavy drinkers, and abstainers. The participants were investigated for clinical, semen, oxidative stress parameters, and male accessory gland function. The mean of sperms count with normal morphology and the level of NOS scavenging activity decreased in smokers compared to abstainers. Heavy drinkers were found to have the lowest normal morphological sperms in comparison to moderate drinkers and abstainers. Interestingly, moderate drinkers showed lower mean sperm concentration, progressively motile sperm, and NOS scavenging activity. The level of seminal citric acid and semen volume had a substantial positive association, according to Pearson’s correlation analysis. The above findings suggest that smoking and excessive drinking lowers sperm with normal morphology, while moderate drinking reduces sperm concentration and progressively motile sperm. Therefore, it will be a better strategy for the infertile couples to modify few life style habits, smoking and drinking in particular, to improve their fertility.
Page(s): 290-296
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.61(04) [Apr 2023]

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