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Title: Deer antlers- Traditional use and future perspectives
Authors: Kawtikwar, Pravin S
Bhagwat, Durgacharan A
Sakarkar, Dinesh M
Keywords: Deer antler;Velvet antler;Antler composition;Traditional knowledge;Traditional uses;Antler uses
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K36/00, A61P9/00, A61P9/04, A61P13/00, A61P13/02, A61P15/10
Abstract: Antlers are bony skeletal protuberances of the skull, and consist mainly of the protein collagen and the mineral calcium hydroxyapatite. Antlers occur in most species of the deer family (Cervidae) and are grown and shed annually, typically only by males. Traditional medical reports and clinical observations show that antler is biologically active to cure various diseases. To make antler products acceptable as nutraceuticals and functional foods, chemical and biological properties of velvet antlers have to be clearly determined. Antlers are made of chemical components consisting of sugars, fatty acids, amino acids, and nucleotides as essential molecules, which become macromolecules such as polysaccharides, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, respectively. For their physicochemical properties, each of these macromolecules is responsible for not only antler growth and development, but also biomedical and nutraceuticals uses of antlers. Therefore, understanding chemical and molecular characteristics of antlers is crucially important to elucidate the clinical and medicinal efficacies of antlers. Hence, the review highlights information about various species of deer, its farming, antler preparation, antler composition, its traditional uses and scientific substantiation to it, dose and its future scope.
Page(s): 245-251
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.09(2) [April 2010]

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