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Title: Exogenous application of putrescine at pre-anthesis enhances the thermotolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Authors: Kumar, Ranjeet R
Sharma, Sushil K
Rai, Gyanendra K
Singh, Khushboo
Choudhury, Madhumanthi
Dhawan, Gaurav
Singh, Gyaneshwar P
Goswami, Suneha
Pathak, Himanshu
Rai, Raj D
Keywords: Heat stress;Antioxidants;Putrescine;Wheat;Antioxidant enzymes;Quantitative real-time PCR;Heat shock proteins;Triticum aestivum L.
Issue Date: Oct-2014
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Antioxidant enzymes, besides being involved in various developmental processes, are known to be important for environmental stress tolerance in plants. In this study, the effect of treatment of 2.5 mM putrescine (Put), heat stress (HS -42°C for 2 h) and their combination on the expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes was studied at pre-anthesis in the leaves of two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars — HDR77 (thermotolerant) and HD2329 (thermosusceptible). We observed that 2.5 mM Put before HS significantly enhanced the transcript levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), cytoplasmic and peroxisomal ascorbate peroxidase (cAPX, pAPX) in both the cultivars. However, the activities of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, APX and GR), as well as accumulation of antioxidants (ascorbic acid and total thiol content) were higher in HDR77 than in HD2329 in response to the treatment 2.5 mM Put + HS. No significant change was observed in the proline accumulation in response to HS and combined treatment of 2.5 mM Put + HS. A decrease in the H2O2 accumulation, lipid peroxidation and increase in cell membrane stability (CMS) were observed in response to 2.5 mM Put + HS treatment, as compared to HS treatment alone in both the cultivars; HDR77 was, however, more responsive to 2.5 mM Put + HS treatment. Put (2.5 mM) treatment at pre-anthesis thus modulated the defense mechanism responsible for the thermotolerance capacity of wheat under the heat stress. Elicitors like Put, therefore, need to be further studied for temporarily manipulating the thermotolerance capacity of wheat grown under the field conditions in view of the impending global climate change.
Page(s): 396-406
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.51(5) [October 2014]

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